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Learn details about any occupation including what you might do on the job, how much you might earn, and how much education or training you might need.
Get started by entering a keyword for a career, a job title, or a type of work in the box below. Then enter your location and click "Search". Or, click "List of Occupations" to select from a list of careers.
What does this information tell me?
This description is a quick overview of what workers in this career might do.
"Also known as" shows other common names for this career.
What is the source of this information?
This information comes from an O*NET database. Learn more on the Help page.
Outlook information can tell you whether a career is expected to be in demand in the future—that is, whether there are likely to be job openings if you choose this career.
Careers can have one of three outlooks:
You can also view local job listings in this field by clicking "Find job openings". This can help you see if local businesses are hiring—another way of looking at demand.
This information comes from O*NET Bright Outlook occupations and My Next Move career outlook designations (based on Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections 2020-30). Note this information is only available at a national level, so even if you selected a state, you’ll see this information for the whole country.
Projected employment shows how much employment is expected to grow in this occupation over a 10-year period. This can help you decide if this career is a good choice for future job opportunities. You can look at projected employment in your state, or in other states where you might consider living.
You can see the total number of people employed in this occupation in 2020 (for states) or 2021 (for national), the number expected to be employed in 2030 (for states) or 2031 (for national), and the rate of growth over those years.
The projections are based on assumptions of unemployment rates and labor productivity growth rates. While the projected numbers may not be exact, they are helpful to compare one career to another, or one location to another.
State-level data come from Projections Central and State Labor Market Information offices, 2020-30.
National-level data come from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections, 2021-31.
This chart shows you a range of how much most workers in this occupation earn per hour, in the location that you selected.
You can select from three views of this data:
Please note that wage data are not available at the city or ZIP code level. If you selected a city or ZIP code, you will see wage data for the regional area.
You can learn more about wages for this and other occupations by clicking “See more wages” above.
The wage information comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics Program, May 2021 estimates. For more detailed state wage data, please find the link to your state's wage data program in the Other Resources box.
This shows you the typical level of education, work experience, and on-the-job training that most people have when they start in this career. Note that these are not requirements for entering this field, but the information can help you understand how qualified you might be.
Interested in starting in this career? You can search for education programs in your local area by clicking “Find local training” above.
The educational program data come from the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP), 2020, from the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).
The employment information comes from the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections, Education and training assignments by detailed occupation, 2021.
The crosswalk between education and occupation data is from the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).
This chart shows you the range of education levels that people who currently work in this field have. You can use this to see if you fit in this range. Note that this includes ALL people who work in this field and not just those getting started.
Interested in getting qualified for this career? You can search for programs that lead to the education needed, in your local area, by clicking “Find local training” above.
This information comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections, Educational attainment for workers 25 years and older by detailed occupation, 2018-19.
When you click "Find certifications" you'll see a list of national certifications that are related to this career. From there, you can learn how to achieve one of these certifications to help you enter or get ahead in this field.
This collection of occupational certifications is collected and regularly updated by CareerOneStop. Learn more at Certification Finder Help.
When you click "Find license details in your state" you'll see the license name and contact information for the agency in your state that oversees licensing for this field. If you have not selected a location, you'll see a list of all state licenses for this occupation.
Information on licensed occupations is gathered in each state by Labor Market Information units under a grant from the U.S. Department of Labor. Learn more at License Finder Help.
You can now search for apprenticeship opportunities throughout the United States at
If you’re looking for state apprenticeship offices and contact information, visit CareerOneStop’s
Apprenticeship Office Finder.
This is a list of typical work activities that people in this career might do on the job. You can use this list to get an idea of whether this career might be a good fit for you.
Click on “More activities” to see more detailed examples of activities for this career.
You can also use this list to help you prepare for a job interview. Or, if you’ve already held a job like this, you can copy these activities to use on your resume.
This information comes from O*NET OnLine's Occupation Information. They are O*NET’s Detailed Work Activities.
This is a list of general knowledge areas that are most commonly required for jobs in the career. Knowledge is typically gained through education and related experience.
This list can help you learn if you are prepared for a job in this career. It can also help you decide on education or training programs that could help you prepare for the career.
This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center. Learn more about O*NET's Knowledge descriptors.
This is a list of a list the work-related skills most commonly required for jobs in the career.
This list can help you understand how well your current skills fit this career. It can also help you plan your education or professional development.
This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center. Learn more about O*NET's Skills descriptors.
This is a list of a list of personal qualities that might influence work and are most commonly required for success in this career.
This list can help you understand if your natural strengths and abilities are a good fit for this career.
This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center. Learn more about O*NET's Abilities descriptors.
This is a list of work environment-preferences that are most commonly associated with the career. It can help you understand if your natural interests are a good fit for this career.
Click "Take an interest assessment" for a quick 30-question assessment that can help you understand your interests and see careers that might be good matches for them.
This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center. Learn more about O*NET's Interest descriptors.
This is a list of typical tasks that people in this career might do on the job. You can use this list to get an idea of whether this career might be a good fit for you.
Click on “More tasks” to see more detailed examples for this career.
You can also use this list to help you prepare for a job interview. Or, if you’ve already held a job like this, you can copy these tasks to use on your resume.
This information comes from O*NET OnLine's Occupation Information. They are O*NET‘s Tasks.
This list includes other careers that have similar skill and experience requirements as the career you selected.
This information comes from the O*NET Resource Center's data about Related Occupations.
These are additional online resources related to this career. You may find different or more detailed information at these sources.
This information is collected and maintained by CareerOneStop.
Information and data in the Occupation Profile come from several U.S. Department of Labor data sources. Learn more and link directly to data sources when you visit the Help page via the link below.
Occupation Profile overview video